Coronary artery disease cad is the leading global cause of death accounting for 173 million deaths per year and its prevalence continues to increase1 2 coronary atherosclerosis is a complex inflammatory process that involves endothelial damage deposition of apo b100 laden lipid particles into the vessel wall smooth muscle cell proliferation and macrophage infiltration and activation3 4 nonetheless some recent data suggest that mildly oxidized low density lipoprotein . Parts that move weakly may have been damaged during a heart attack or be receiving too little oxygen this may be a sign of coronary artery disease or other conditions exercise stress test if your signs and symptoms occur most often during exercise your doctor may ask you to walk on a treadmill or ride a stationary bike during an ecg sometimes an echocardiogram is also done while you do these exercises this is called a stress echo in some cases medication to stimulate your heart may . Your cardiologist heart doctor can tell if you have coronary artery disease by talking to you about your symptoms medical history and risk factors performing a physical exam performing diagnostic tests diagnostic tests help your doctor evaluate the extent of your coronary heart disease its effect on the function of your heart and the best form of treatment for you they may include. Multi detector ct allows direct imaging of the coronary arterial lumen and wall hence the easy detection of early disease before complete lumen obstruction develops this issue is dedicated to coronary artery imaging in the context of atherosclerosis and aims to publish a series of novel findings and comprehensive review articles
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