Plato’s The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.
Specifically, the Apology of Socrates is a defence against the charges of “corrupting the youth” and “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novel” to Athens (24b).
Additionally, what is Socrates view of death in the apology? Socrates supports this claim with an argument in the form of a constructive dilemma: either death involves the cessation of consciousness, in which case our afterlife existence will resemble a single night of dreamless sleep, or after our death we will go to a place where all the dead are ruled over by just judges.
Correspondingly, why is the apology of Socrates important?
The Apology, which was written by Plato, is undeniably one of the most important writings on Socrates‘ speech that he gave at his trial. Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth. In Plato’s Apology, Socrates repeatedly refers to a single God, and he refused to honour the Greek gods.
What did Socrates do to corrupt the youth?
He was found guilty of “impiety” and “corrupting the young”, sentenced to death, and then required to carry out his own execution by consuming a deadly potion of the poisonous plant hemlock. Politicians and historians have often used the trial to show how democracy can go rotten by descending into mob rule.
What does Socrates say is the cause of his bad reputation?
1. According to Socrates in the Apology, what caused his “reputation and slander”? a. He says it is his efforts to reform anyone whom he meets.
What values are most important to Socrates?
He emphasizes the values of self-mastery (enkrateia), endurance of physical pain (karteria), and self-sufficiency (autarkeia). For Xenophon’s Socrates, self-mastery or moderation is the foundation of virtue (Memorabilia, 1.5. 4).
Who is Meletus in the apology?
Meletus. Meletus (Greek: Μέλητος; fl. 5th–4th century BCE) was an ancient Athenian Greek from the Pithus deme known for his prosecuting role in the trial and eventual execution of the philosopher Socrates.
How did Socrates defend himself against the charge of corrupting the youth?
Socrates defends himself against the charges brought against him by his prosecutor Meletus in two ways. The second defense consists of Socrates responding directly to the two charges brought against him: “corrupting the young” and impiety, or more specifically, “not believing in the gods in whom the city believes” (p.
What is a gadfly in philosophy?
A gadfly is a person who interferes with the status quo of a society or community by posing novel, potentially upsetting questions, usually directed at authorities. The term is originally associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates, in his defense when on trial for his life.
Who is Socrates summary?
Socrates was a scholar, teacher and philosopher born in. His Socratic method laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy. When the political climate of Greece turned against him, Socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in 399 B.C. He accepted this judgment rather than fleeing into exile
What did Socrates say before he died?
Socrates speaks his last words to Crito; there are several different translations: Crito, we owe a rooster to Asclepius. Please, don’t forget to pay the debt. Crito, we owe a cock to Asclepius, Pay it and do not neglect it.
What is Plato’s aim in writing the apology?
Plato’s speech represents his creative attempt to defend Socrates and his way of life and to condemn those who voted to kill him.
What is Socrates most famous statement?
“The unexamined life is not worth living” (Ancient Greek: ? ?νεξέταστος βίος ο? βιωτ?ς ?νθρώπ?) is a famous dictum apparently uttered by Socrates at his trial for impiety and corrupting youth, for which he was subsequently sentenced to death, as described in Plato’s Apology (38a5–6).
What type of questions did Socrates ask his students?
Socratic questioning is a form of disciplined questioning that can be used to pursue thought in many directions and for many purposes, including: to explore complex ideas, to get to the truth of things, to open up issues and problems, to uncover assumptions, to analyze concepts, to distinguish what we know from what we
How does Plato define knowledge?
Knowledge. In philosophy, the study of knowledge is called epistemology; the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as “justified true belief”, though this definition is now thought by some analytic philosophers to be problematic because of the Gettier problems, while others defend the platonic definition.
How does Socrates define justice?
Accordingly, Socrates defines justice as “working at that which he is naturally best suited”, and “to do one’s own business and not to be a busybody” (433a–433b) and goes on to say that justice sustains and perfects the other three cardinal virtues: Temperance, Wisdom, and Courage, and that justice is the cause and
What is meant by human wisdom?
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense and insight. Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, compassion, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, and virtues such as ethics and benevolence.
Who wrote the clouds?