Where is Penicillium naturally found?

Habitat/Ecology. Penicillium are very commonly found in soil, on decaying vegetation and compost or on wood, dried foodstuffs, spices, dry cereals, fresh fruit and vegetables {808, 3095}they are also found growing on building materials in water-damaged environments {413} as well as in indoor air and house dust.

Division: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order: Eurotiales
Family: Trichocomaceae

what is Penicillium used for? Penicillium is a genus of ascomycetous fungi of major importance in the natural environment as well as food and drug production. Members of the genus produce penicillin, a molecule that is used as an antibiotic, which kills or stops the growth of certain kinds of bacteria inside the body.

Also know, is Penicillium harmful to humans?

Since Penicillium molds can cause food spoilage, they also present a health hazard when consumed. This is because some species of Penicillium produce toxic compounds known as mycotoxins. (9) These toxins make food inedible and dangerous. However, some Penicillium species are beneficial to humans.

What disease is caused by Penicillium?

Penicillium marneffei is an emerging pathogenic fungus that can cause a fatal systemic mycosis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The disease is, after tuberculosis and cryptococcosis, the third most common opportunistic infection in patients with AIDS in northern Thailand (151).

What does penicillium mold smell like?

Ubiquitous, Cosmopolitan, one of the most commonly found molds. Often produces microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOC’s) that give the distinctive heavy, musty odor.

How do you identify Penicillium?

Characteristics of Penicillium They possess simple or branching structures that are slightly elongated and end in clusters of flask-shapes known as phialides and are called conidiophores. The spores also are known as conidia.

Can Penicillium cause human infection?

Penicillium spp. are occasional causes of infection in humans and the resulting disease is known generically as penicilliosis. Penicillium has been isolated from patients with keratitis [581], endophtalmitis, otomycosis, necrotizing esophagitis, pneumonia, endocarditis, peritonitis, and urinary tract infections.

Is Penicillium a fungus?

Penicillium, genus of blue or green mold fungi (kingdom Fungi) that exists as asexual forms (anamorphs, or deuteromycetes). Those species for which the sexual phase is known are placed in the Eurotiales.

How does Penicillium reproduce?

Penicillium reproduces by vegetative, asexual and sexual means. 1. It takes place by accidental breaking of vegetative mycelium into two or more fragments. Each fragment then grows individually like the mother mycelium.

What does penicillium mold look like?

Physical Characteristics: Penicillium mold is mostly green, blue-green, or grey-green, but can be white, yellow, or pinkish. Its texture ranges from mostly velvety to powdery. Health Symptoms: Headaches, itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, congestion, coughing, sneezing and rashes.

What is the difference between Aspergillus and Penicillium?

The main difference between Aspergillus and Penicillium is that Aspergillus contains an unseparated conidiophore whereas Penicillium contains a separated, brush-like conidiophore. Further, the conidiophore of Aspergillus is straight ending in a large vesicle while that of Penicillium is branched.

Can penicillium mold make you sick?

Infants may develop respiratory symptoms as a result of exposure to a specific type of fungal mold, called Penicillium. Exposure to mold can cause a number of health issues such as; throat irritation, nasal stuffiness, eye irritation, cough and wheezing, as well as skin irritation in some cases.

Is Aspergillus Penicillium toxic for humans in a house?

The common indoor molds are Cladosporium, Aspergillus, Stachybotrys, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Alternaria. Spores from this particular mold produce mycotoxins, which are toxic to humans if inhaled, eaten, or touched.

How do you treat Penicillium fungus?

The potent in vitro activity of amphotericin B (AMB) and terbinafine (TRB) and of the echinocandins against Penicillium and Talaromyces species might offer a good therapeutic alternative for the treatment of infections caused by these fungi.

What are the symptoms of exposure to penicillium aspergillus mold?

Signs and symptoms depend on which organs are affected, but in general, invasive aspergillosis can cause: Fever and chills. A cough that brings up blood (hemoptysis) Shortness of breath. Chest or joint pain. Headaches or eye symptoms. Skin lesions.

What happens if you eat penicillium mold?

The short answer is no, you’re probably not going to die from eating mold; you’ll digest it like any other food, and as long as you’ve got a relatively healthy immune system, the most you’ll experience is some nausea or vomiting due to the taste/idea of what you’ve just eaten.

What does penicillium mold grow on?

The name Penicillium comes from the resemblance of the spore producing structures (conidiophores) of the fungus to a paintbrush (penicillus is the Latin word for paintbrush). They are found in soil, decaying vegetation, air and are common contaminants on various substances.