According to the theory of the Somogyi effect, when insulin lowers your blood sugar too much, it can trigger a release of hormones that send your blood sugar levels into a rebound high. It’s thought to be more common in people with type 1 diabetes than type 2 diabetes.
Also called the Somogyi effect and posthypoglycemic hyperglycemia, it is a rebounding high blood sugar that is a response to low blood sugar. Compare with the dawn phenomenon, which is a morning rise in blood sugar in response to waning insulin and a growth hormone surge (that further antagonizes insulin).
Subsequently, question is, is Somogyi effect dangerous? The Somogyi effect leads to high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. It happens when low blood sugar triggers a rebound effect, leading to high blood sugar.
Thereof, how do you overcome the Somogyi effect?
Treatment options include:
- adjusting the timing of insulin administration.
- lowering the dose of insulin before bed.
- changing the type of insulin.
- eating a snack with the evening insulin dosage.
- taking into account lifestyle factors, such as stress and exercise.
What are the symptoms of dawn phenomenon?
Share on Pinterest Symptoms of the dawn phenomenon include nausea, weakness, and extreme thirst. The dawn phenomenon refers to a rise in blood sugar released by the liver. The release happens as the person’s body is preparing to wake for the day.
What time of day does the Somogyi phenomenon occur?
The Somogyi effect can occur any time you or your child has extra insulin in the body. To sort out whether an early morning high blood sugar level is caused by the dawn phenomenon or Somogyi effect, check blood sugar levels at bedtime, around 2 a.m. to 3 a.m., and at your normal wake-up time for several nights.
Does blood sugar drop during sleep?
When blood glucose levels fall below 70 mg/dl while sleeping at night, the person experiences a condition called nocturnal hypoglycemia. Studies suggest that almost half of all episodes of low blood glucose — and more than half of all severe episodes — occur at night during sleep.
Why is blood sugar so high in the morning?
Blood Sugar: Hidden Causes of High Blood Sugar Levels in the Morning. High blood sugar in the morning may be caused by the Somogyi effect, a condition also called “rebound hyperglycemia.” It also may be caused by dawn phenomenon, which is the end result of a combination of natural body changes.
What causes blood sugar to rise at night?
Too much insulin or not enough food before bed: During the night, a person’s blood sugar level may drop too low. The body responds by releasing hormones to raise this level. A low insulin dose in the evening: If a person takes too little insulin at night, they may have high blood sugar in the morning.
Does dawn phenomenon wake you up?
Effect of the dawn phenomenon The dawn phenomenon refers to a rise in blood sugar released by the liver. The release happens as the person’s body is preparing to wake for the day. As a result, the person will feel the effects of having high sugar levels in the blood.
How can I lower my blood sugar overnight?
Whether or not you have diabetes, follow these tips to avoid waking up with low blood sugar: Eat balanced meals with healthy carbohydrates, proteins, and fats regularly throughout the day. Have a bedtime snack. If you drink alcohol, avoid excessive intake and have a snack with it. Avoid exercising too much at night.
What causes blood sugar to rise without eating?
Losing sleep—even just one night of too little sleep can make your body use insulin less efficiently. Skipping breakfast—going without that morning meal can increase blood sugar after both lunch and dinner. Dehydration—less water in your body means a higher blood sugar concentration.
Why do diabetics wake up in the middle of the night?
Making you wake up to a high blood sugar reading in the morning, even if your number was good when you went to bed the night before. These hormones make the body less sensitive to insulin, the hormone that lowers blood sugar. In people with diabetes, these changes can lead to a morning blood sugar spike.
What is a good blood sugar level at bedtime?
Your blood sugar goal at bedtime should be in the range of 90 to 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
What is insulin waning?
Waning Insulin The third common cause of high morning blood sugar levels is waning amounts of insulin, which means your insulin levels are going down and no longer keeping your blood sugar in check. As a result, you wake up to an elevated reading.
Can low blood sugar wake you up?
Low blood sugar in the mornings, also known as morning hypoglycemia, can make people feel faint, light-headed, or confused when they wake up. Having low blood sugar in the mornings is common in people on medication for diabetes, though it can also happen for other reasons.
Why does dawn phenomenon occur?
The dawn phenomenon is occurs when the body produces hormones that result in raised blood sugars in the morning. It is thought that the body releases hormones that either impair the action of insulin or cause the liver to release extra sugar into the blood.
How can I lower my morning blood sugar without medication?
15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally Exercise Regularly. Regular exercise can help you lose weight and increase insulin sensitivity. Control Your Carb Intake. Increase Your Fiber Intake. Drink Water and Stay Hydrated. Implement Portion Control. Choose Foods With a Low Glycemic Index. Control Stress Levels. Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels.
What is ketosis acidosis?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. The condition develops when your body can’t produce enough insulin. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat as fuel.